Skip to main content

Inactivation of Enzyme Laccase and Role of Cosubstrate Oxygen in Enzymatic Removal of Phenol from Water

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Research was conducted to evaluate the potential use of laccase and its susceptibility to inactivation in an alternative enzyme-based treatment technology to remove parent phenol from buffered distilled water. Enzymatic oxidative polymerization of phenol with laccase was carried out in continuously stirred batch reactors. The reaction products were insoluble polymers, which precipitated out of the solution once their solubility limits were exceeded. The findings demonstrated that the polymeric products had significant effects on enzyme activity consumption and subsequent phenol removal. Enzyme species present in the reaction vessel were classified into enzyme remaining in the solution (type 1) and enzyme adhering to the precipitate polymers (type 2). Type 1 enzyme was more efficient in removal of phenol from solution compared with type 2. Subsequent filtration enhanced the phenol removal by removing type 2 enzyme adhering to the polymer particles and decelerating enzyme inactivation. The study also investigated the effects of available dissolved oxygen, provided through aeration and hydrogen peroxide addition, on phenol removal. Aeration and hydrogen peroxide addition increased the dissolved oxygen concentration, but had no effect on the progress curve for phenol removal.

Keywords: enzymatic treatment; enzyme inactivation; enzymology; laccase; phenol

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: August 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more