Ultraviolet Spectrophotometric Determination of Nitrate: Detecting Nitrification Rates and Inhibition

Authors: Kelly, Richard T; Love, Nancy G

Source: Water Environment Research, Volume 79, Number 7, July 2007 , pp. 808-812(5)

Publisher: Water Environment Federation

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Abstract:

Simple methods that rapidly detect nitrification inhibition are needed to enforce pretreatment programs and prevent upsets. The objective of this study was to demonstrate a rapid method for measuring nitrification inhibition by using nitrate generation rates (NGRs) coupled with direct UV detection of nitrate. The NGRs were measured with UV spectrophotometry at wavelengths between 225 and 240 nm, without chemical manipulation, and verified against ion chromatography. The method was shown to quickly and accurately measure nitrate concentrations after correcting for nitrite interference. Cadmium, hypochlorite and 1-chloro-2,4-dintrobenzene (CDNB) were tested for their ability to cause nitrification inhibition using this method. The CDNB was found to cause a correctable interference with the test, while hypochlorite provided an uncorrectable interference. Used as a batch method coupled with biotic and abiotic controls, this approach can be deployed at full-scale treatment plants as a relatively rapid (1.5 hours) means of identifying nitrification-inhibiting wastewaters.

Keywords: UV spectrophotometry; detection; industrial toxin; method protocol; nitrification inhibition

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143007X156682

Publication date: July 1, 2007

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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