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The Use of Active Metabolism and Swimming Activity to Evaluate the Toxicity of Dodecyl Benzene Sodium Sulfonate (LAS-C12) on the Mugil platanus (Mullet) According to Temperature and Salinity

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Abstract:

Active metabolism and swimming activity were used to study the effects of dodecyl benzene sodium sulfonate (LAS-C12) in Mugil platanus, a species traditionally considered as estuarine. The effects of exposure to different concentrations of LAS-C12 (0.0, 1.0, 2.5, and 5.0 mg/L) on the active metabolism and swimming activity of Mugil platanus were evaluated. The active metabolism and swimming activity were estimated through experiments conducted on each of 9 possible combinations of three temperatures (35, 20, and 15°C) and three salinities (35, 20, and 5‰). The results show that the active metabolism increases according to the LAS-C12 concentration in all temperatures and salinities studied. At the highest tested concentration (5.0 mg/L), the active metabolism was 111%; 84.8 and 105% higher than the control, at 35‰ salinity at the three temperatures. However, the swimming activity decreased according to the LAS-C12 concentration in all temperatures and salinities studied. At the highest tested concentration, the swimming activity was 78.6, 73.6, and 78.7% less than the control, at 25°C at the three salinities. The active metabolism and swimming activity averages, achieved in the different salinities studied, were not significantly different, as a result of the LAS-C12 concentration.

Keywords: active metabolism; dodecyl benzene sodium sulfonate; mullet; salinity; swimming activity; temperature; toxicity

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143007X196697

Publication date: July 1, 2007

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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