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Kinetics of Chemoheterotrophic Microbially Mediated Reduction of Ferric EDTA and the Nitrosyl Adduct of Ferrous EDTA for the Treatment and Regeneration of Spent Nitric Oxide Scrubber Liquor

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Abstract:

Biomass from a prototype reactor was used to investigate the kinetics of chemoheterotrophic reduction of solutions of ferric ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and solutions containing the nitrosyl adduct of ferrous EDTA using ethanol as the primary electron donor and carbon source. A series of batch experiments were conducted using biomass extracted from the scrubber solution treatment and regeneration stage of a prototype iron EDTA-based unit process for the absorption of nitric oxide with subsequent biological treatment. Using a linear-sweep voltammetric method for analysis of the ferric EDTA concentration, iron-reducing bacteria were found to behave according to the Monod kinetic model, at initial concentrations up to 2.16 g chemical oxygen demand (COD) as ethanol per liter, with a half-velocity constant of 0.532 g COD as ethanol/L and a maximum specific utilization rate of 0.127 mol/L of ferric ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid [Fe(III)EDTA]*(g volatile suspended solids [VSS]/L)d−1. Based on batch analyses, biomass yield and endogenous decay values of iron-reducing bacteria were estimated to be 0.055 g VSS/g COD and 0.017 L/d, respectively. An average of 1.64 times the theoretical (stoichiometric) demand of ethanol was used to complete reduction reactions. Kinetics of the reduction of the nitrosyl adduct of ferrous EDTA are summarized by the following kinetic constants: half-velocity constant (K S) of 0.39 g COD/L, maximum specific utilization rate (k) of 0.2 mol/L [NO · Fe(II)EDTA2−](g VSS/L)d−1, and inhibition constant (K I) of 0.33 g COD/L, as applied to the modified Monod kinetic expression described herein. Based on batch analyses, the biomass yield of nitrosyl-adduct-reducing bacteria was estimated to be 0.259 g VSS/g COD, endogenous decay was experimentally determined to be 0.0569 L/d, and an average of 1.26 times the stoichiometric demand of ethanol was used to complete reduction reactions.

Keywords: anaerobic treatment; anoxic treatment; denitrification; ferrous EDTA; iron reduction; linear-sweep voltammetry; nitric oxide; nitrosyl adduct; scrubber liquor

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143006X115390

Publication date: 2007-05-01

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    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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