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Removal of Arsenic from Drinking Water by Chemical Precipitation – A Modeling and Simulation Study of the Physical-Chemical Processes

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Abstract:

A dynamic mathematical model was developed for removal of arsenic from drinking water by chemical coagulation-precipitation and was validated experimentally in a bench-scale set-up. While examining arsenic removal efficiency of the scheme under different operating conditions, coagulant dose, pH and degree of oxidation were foun d to have pronounced impact. Removal efficiency of 91–92% was achieved for synthetic feed water spiked with 1 mg/L arsenic and pre-oxidized by potassium permanganate at optimum pH and coagulant dose. Model predictions corroborated well with the experimental findings (the overall correlation coefficient being 0.9895) indicating the capability of the model in predicting performance of such a treatment plant under different operating conditions. Menu-driven, user-friendly Visual Basic software developed in the study will be very handy in quick performance analysis. The simulation is expected to be very useful in full-scale design and operation of the treatment plants for removal of arsenic from drinking water.

Keywords: arsenic separation; coagulation; filtration; flocculation; mathematical model; precipitation; sedimentation; simulation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143006X111754

Publication date: 2007-04-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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