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Coupling Permanganate Oxidation with Microbial Dechlorination of Tetrachloroethene

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For sites contaminated with chloroethene non-aqueous-phase liquids, designing a remediation system that couples in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) with potassium permanganate (KMnO 4) and microbial dechlorination may be complicated because of the potentially adverse effects of ISCO on anaerobic bioremediation processes. Therefore, one-dimensional column studies were conducted to understand the effect of permanganate oxidation on tetrachloroethene (PCE) dechlorination by the anaerobic mixed culture KB-1. Following the confirmation of PCE dechlorination, KMnO 4 was applied to all columns at a range of concentrations and application velocities to simulate varied distances from oxidant injection. Immediately following oxidation, reductive dechlorination was inhibited; however, after passing several pore volumes of sterile growth medium through the columns after oxidation, a rebound of PCE dechlorination activity was observed in every inoculated column without the need to reinoculate. The volume of medium required for a rebound of dechlorination activity differed from 1.1 to 8.1 pore volumes (at a groundwater velocity of 4 cm/d), depending on the specific condition of oxidant application.

Keywords: bioremediation; coupling; dechlorination; in situ chemical oxidation

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2007

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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