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Removal of Organic and Nitrogen and Molecular Weight Distribution of Residual Soluble Organic from Entrapped Mixed Microbial Cells and Activated Sludge Processes

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Abstract:

The simultaneous removal of organic and nitrogen and molecular weight distribution (MWD) of residual soluble chemical oxygen demand (RSCOD) in final effluent were investigated using entrapped mixed microbial cells (EMMC) and conventional activated sludge processes. Two different types of processes using EMMC carriers demonstrated better organic and nitrogen removal performance because of the high solids retention time (SRT) compared with the activated sludge process. Regarding the RSCOD, the longer SRT process (EMMC) was affected by reducing the hydraulic retention time, resulting in the increase of high-molecular-weight materials. On the other hand, reducing the aeration period had significantly affected the MWD in the shorter SRT process (activated sludge), resulting in an increase of low-molecular-weight materials.

Keywords: activated sludge; entrapped mixed microbial cells; molecular weight distribution; nitrogen; organic; residual soluble chemical oxygen demand

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143006X101971

Publication date: 2006-12-01

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    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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