Gas Phase Transport in Gravity Sewers—A Methodology for Determination of Horizontal Gas Transport and Ventilation

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Abstract:

A method was developed for determination of horizontal gas transport and ventilation in gravity sewers. This was achieved by changing the composition of the sewer atmosphere by pulse injection of oxygen gas and subsequently measuring the oxygen concentration in a downstream manhole. Conventional tracer techniques may require sampling and may also affect the environment. The method developed is simple, based on direct monitoring and without environmental or toxic effects. The method was developed based on measurements in an intercepting gravity sewer. The horizontal gas transport processes were quantified by measuring the velocity and dispersion of the gas in the sewer atmosphere. Based on 54 measurements, the gas velocity was found to vary between 0.05 and 0.22 m/s. The coefficients of dispersion were calculated to be in the range 0.05 to 1.1 m2/s. Climatic conditions did not significantly influence the gas phase transport.

Keywords: gas phase transport; gravity sewer; methodology; tracer gas; ventilation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143005X82253

Publication date: November 1, 2006

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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