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A Different Approach for Predicting Reaeration Rates in Gravity Sewers and Completely Mixed Tanks

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A new semiempirical approach is presented for predicting air-to-water oxygen transfer rates in mixed tanks and gravity sewers, using methods adopted from mixing theory. First, a flocculation unit was used to impart selected mean velocity gradients (G) into a completely mixed tank, from which oxygen was first removed, and dissolved oxygen concentrations were measured with time. Regression analysis was used to fit the rate of oxygen transfer equation against G. The reaeration rate in completely mixed reactors was found to be proportional to G 2 (R 2 = 0.987). Subsequently, G was linked to headloss in sewers, and the equation was calibrated using a slope-adjustable, 27-m-long, gravity-flow, experimental sewer (internal diameter, D = 0.16 m). Here, the reaeration rate was proportional to G 1 (R 2 = 0.981). The equation was compared with existing oxygen transfer models and validated against experimental data from the literature, to which the overall mass transfer coefficient for oxygen, K L a, derived by the new approach, conformed well.

Keywords: gas transfer; gravity sewers; mean velocity gradient; reaeration equation

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2006

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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