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Assessment of Morphology for Anaerobic-Granular Particles

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This study shows that a proper assessment of granule morphology is fundamental before applying any mathematical derivation or empirical formula based on the shape factor of anaerobic-granular particles to determine granular characteristics. The granular images and size distribution of samples observed in this study revealed two different dimensions along two axes, which characterize these particles as ellipsoids. In the literature, theoretical-settling velocities and particle-size distribution of anaerobic granules have been calculated by assuming granules as spherical-shaped and using the numerical correlation between the size and settling velocity. This resulted in large deviations in results reported for settling velocities and size distribution calculated by using empirical equations when compared with experimentally measured values. It is believed that, because of the nonspherical nature of these particles, errors have been made in the earlier studies (which considered these particles as spherical), while evaluating granular-physical properties.

Keywords: anaerobic granule; granular morphology; particle-size distribution; settling velocity

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2006

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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