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Taking Advantage of Aerated-Anoxic Operation in a Full-Scale University of Cape Town Process

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To evaluate the potential benefits or limitations of aerated-anoxic operation in high-rate biological nutrient removal processes, we conducted a full-scale experiment in a University of Cape Town (UCT)-type wastewater treatment plant by reducing oxygen supply and increasing flowrates within one treatment train so that aerated-anoxic conditions (i.e., zones that receive oxygen but maintain dissolved oxygen concentrations below 0.5 mg/L) could be implemented in a section of the aerated zone. With this retrofitted configuration, total nitrogen removal increased from 54 to 65%, but was limited by the organic carbon available for denitrification. Furthermore, the significant reduction in dissolved oxygen concentrations in the aerated zone did not negatively affect enhanced biological phosphorus removal, demonstrating that the implementation of an aerated-anoxic zone within a UCT-type reactor can contribute to a reduction in operational costs and a slight improvement in total nitrogen removal, without compromising the extent of phosphorus removal.
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Keywords: University of Cape Town; activated sludge; aerated-anoxic; dissolved oxygen; nitrification; phosphorus removal; total nitrogen removal

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-06-01

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    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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