Skip to main content

Effect of the Location of the Inlet and Outlet Structures on Short-Circuiting: Experimental Investigation

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

The location of the inlet and outlet structures in a treatment plant (e.g., waste stabilization pond) may affect its hydraulic efficiency by increasing short-circuiting. Therefore, in this paper, the effect of the location of inlet and outlet structures was investigated in three laboratory channels of different lengths. Nine different combinations of inlet and outlet locations were considered for each channel under varying rates of flow. Results showed that the placement of the inlet and outlet structures close to the surface and the bottom of the pond, respectively, gave the minimum value of short-circuiting. This location was, therefore, judged to be the optimum among the nine combinations considered. The short-circuiting index was found to increase both with the dispersion number and the actual flow velocity, giving correlation coefficients of 0.3186 to 0.9258 and 0.8057 to 0.9972, respectively.



Although minimization of short-circuiting will result in higher hydraulic efficiency, it may not necessarily result in higher effluent quality unless the temporal and vertical fluctuations of the water column are also considered.

Keywords: inlet and outlet structure; location; short-circuiting; waste stabilization pond

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143006X109603

Publication date: 2006-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more