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Regrowth of Fecal Coliforms in Class A Biosolids

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Abstract:

Eight types of Class A biosolids were tested for fecal coliform (FC) reactivation and/or regrowth at 20, 35, and 50°C for 21 days. Growth of FC did not occur at 20 or 50°C, but it was observed in two samples incubated at 35°C after a lag period of 48 hours. In undigested biosolids, final FC concentration exceeded 10 4 MPN/g, whereas in thermophilically digested biosolids, the final FC concentration remained below 10 3 MPN/g, as FC regrowth may have been affected by the presence of the anaerobic bacterial consortium responsible for the digestion process. Fecal-coliform reactivation and regrowth within treatment plant operations seem unlikely but can occur in land application of biosolids.

Keywords: Class A biosolids; anaerobic digestion; fecal coliform reactivation and regrowth

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143005X90074

Publication date: April 1, 2006

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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