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Chromium (III) Removal by Supported Liquid Membranes: A Comparison Among D2HEPA, DNNSA, and a Novel Extractant as Carriers

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Abstract:

A facilitated transport study in supported liquid membranes (SLM) using the extraction reagents di-2-ethylexilfosphoric acid (D2HEPA), dinonylnaftalene sulfuric acid (DNNSA), and a novel complexing agent, trimethyl cis,cis-1,3,5-tripropyl-1,3,5 cyclohexenetricarboxilic acid (TTCHTCA) as carriers has been carried out. Organic solvents with different dielectric constants as diluents have been used to obtain the highest extraction and transport values. The results obtained have shown that, by using different organic phases (carrier and/or diluent), SLMs with different ion flux and transport ability can be obtained.



The carrier concentration in the membrane and the chromium (III) [Cr(III)] ions concentration in aqueous phase have been varied to see the effect on transport of Cr(III) ions across the membrane. For the carriers D2HEPA and TTCHTCA, the transport of Cr(III), both in batch and in recirculation operation mode, has been studied. Very good results in terms of flux and transport have been obtained using TTCHTCA.

Keywords: carboxylic carrier; chromium (III); extraction; permeability; supported liquid membranes

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143005X84530

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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