Skip to main content

Kinetics of Removal of Particulate Chemical Oxygen Demand in the Activated-Sludge Process

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The existing theories incorporated to state-of-the-art, activated-sludge-consensus models indicate that the removal of particulate substrate from the liquid in the activated-sludge process is a two-step process: instantaneous enmeshment of particles and hydrolysis followed by oxidation. However, experimental observations indicate that the removal of particles is not instantaneous and needs a more accurate description. This removal process can actually be described as a three-step process: flocculation, hydrolysis, and oxidation. The principal objective of this research was to observe and model the kinetics of the removal of suspended particles and colloidal particles. A first-order, particulate-removal expression, based on flocculation, accurately described the removal rates for supernatant suspended solids and colloidal chemical oxygen demand (COD). The rate of reaction for removal of colloidal COD was slow and comparable to that for soluble organic matter.

Keywords: activated sludge; aeration basin; bioflocculation; particles removal

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2005-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more