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Denitrification of Nitrate Wastewater using Packed-Bed Columns

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Abstract:

Columnar packed-bed (PB) reactors with a specific surface area of 127 m2/m3 were investigated in this study for treating nitrate wastewater. This study demonstrated that a single-stage packed bed was able to achieve total nitrogen (TN) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies higher than 83 and 75%, respectively. The highest achievable TN and COD removal rates were 47.2 g N/m2·d and 158.0 g COD/m2·d, respectively. The substrate removal rate in the PB column was found to follow half-order reaction kinetics, with a reaction coefficient, k, of 53.62 (mg/L)1/2/d. A dual-stage PB system was capable of achieving TN and COD removal efficiencies greater than 99 and 98%, respectively. Effluent TN and COD concentrations less than 6.5 mg NO3¯-N/L and 50.0 mg COD/L, respectively, were obtained when the dual PB system was used.

Keywords: ATTACHED-GROWTH SYSTEM; DENITRIFICATION; NITROGEN REMOVAL; PACKED-BED COLUMN; SYNTHETIC NITRATE WASTEWATER

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143004X151653

Publication date: September 1, 2004

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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