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Residence Time Distribution Model for Soil Filters

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Abstract:

Pulse tracer tests were carried out to determine the residence time distribution (RTD) in earthworm-cultured and uncultured, laboratory-scale soil filters. A two-parallel-cell dispersion model for the mixing behavior in soil filters is presented; the model showed excellent fit to experimental data. Results showed a fitted Peclet number of 0.83 to 0.89 for the uncultured soil filter and 0.18 to 0.29 for the cultured soil filter. Results also determined that the cultured soil filter dispersion number (1/Pe) was relatively high, showing the significant effect of earthworms on mixing. Reactor performance data and dispersion model predictions based on present RTD model parameters also reveal good agreement, indicating the usefulness of RTD parameters for describing real situations.

Keywords: DISPERSION MODEL; DISPERSION NUMBER; EARTHWORM CULTURED SOIL FILTER; RESIDENCE TIME DISTRIBUTION; SOIL FILTER; WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143004X141708

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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