Skip to main content

Autotrophic Denitrification of High–Salinity Wastewater Using Elemental Sulfur: Batch Tests

Buy Article:

$22.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

The feasibility of autotrophic denitrification of a highsalinity wastewater using sulfur–oxidizing autotrophic denitrificants was studied. These autotrophic bacteria oxidize elemental sulfur to sulfate while reducing nitrate to elemental nitrogen gas, thereby eliminating the need for the addition of organic carbon compounds. A series of bench–scale batch tests was performed with synthetic and actual flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater to examine the effects of various environmental and operational factors such as temperature, pH, high salinity, and potentially toxic substances on the rate of autotrophic denitrification using elemental sulfur. Specific denitrification rates of 6 to 8 mg nitrate–nitrogen (NO3 -N)/g volatile suspended solids (VSS)┬Ěh were obtained. The highest denitrification rates were found between pH 7.0 and 8.0 and a temperature of 30 8 C. The denitrification rate started to decrease above an osmotic pressure of 19 atm (approximately 70% of seawater), independent of the type of salt ions, and amounted to approximately 70% activity at the concentration of seawater. Polyphosphate or pyrophosphate could be used as the source of phosphorus instead of orthophosphate because the latter caused immediate calcium phosphate precipitation in the FGD wastewater. Inhibiting factors attributed to inorganic or organic compounds originating from coal combustion were discussed.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more