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Performance Evaluation of a Cloth-Media Disk Filter for Wastewater Reclamation

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A cloth-media disk filter (CMDF) was evaluated as an alternative to granular-medium filtration for use in wastewater recycling applications. The CMDF was effective for filtration of effluent from an activated-sludge treatment process. Effluent turbidity values from the CMDF were consistently less than California's wastewater recycling application limit of 2 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU) for influent turbidity values of up to 25 NTU at hydraulic loading rates varying between 7 and 15 m/h (2.86 and 6.1 gpm/sq ft). The filter produced 154 m/d (3781 gpd/sq ft) at a hydraulic loading rate of 7 m/h (2.86 gpm/sq ft) with high turbidity (6 to 25 NTU) and 330 m/d (8102 gpd/sq ft) at a hydraulic loading rate of 15 m/h (6.1 gpm/sq ft) with low influent turbidity (≤6 NTU/m2 [6 NTU/sq ft] of filter cloth). The backwash water required by the CMDF at HLRs between 7 and 15 m/h (2.86 and 6.1 gpm/sq ft) and corresponding solids loading rates between 5 and 32 kg/(m2┬Ěd) (0.21 and 1.35 lb/d/sq ft) varied from 2 to 10% of the total influent flow. Thus, the CMDF could consistently meet the recycling requirements of a turbidity less than 2 NTU over a broad range of influent turbidity values and hydraulic loading rates.
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Keywords: CLOTH FILTRATION; TERTIARY TREATMENT; WASTEWATER RECLAMATION; WATER RECYCLING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2003-11-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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