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High Nitrite Buildup During Nitrification in a Rotating Disk Reactor

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Abstract:

Incomplete nitrification with high nitrite accumulation has three practical advantages: lower oxygen consumption, less need for organics for denitrification, and lower sludge production during denitrification. Nitrification leading to high nitrite formation was experimentally studied in a continuous single rotating disk reactor (RDR) and compared to a modeled continuous completely stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The results of this model show that to accumulate nitrite greater than 50% at oxygen levels higher than 3.5 mg O2/L, pH levels higher than 8.5 and 9.0 are required for a CSTR with and without cell washout, respectively. For a CSTR without cell washout at pH 7 and 1 mg O2/L, it was predicted that a nitrite accumulation less than 5% could be reached. Conversely, for a partially submerged continuous RDR without any additional aeration supply (already at pH 7 and 1.3 mg O2/L), high nitrite accumulation (more than 75%) was achieved and the influence of pH from 7 to 9 was not significant. This difference is believed to be caused by mass transfer. In addition, nitrification was observed to occur under oxygen transport limitation for a totally submerged continuous RDR.

Keywords: COMPLETELY STIRRED TANK REACTOR MODEL; IMMOBILIZED NITRIFYING BACTERIA; NITRITE ACCUMULATION; NITRITE BUILDUP; PARTIAL NITRIFICATION; ROTATING DISK REACTOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143003X140935

Publication date: March 1, 2003

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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