Electroadsorption of Acilan Blau Dye from Textile Effluents by Using Activated Carbon–Perlite Mixtures
Authors: Koparal, A. S.; Yavuz, Y.; Bakir Öğütveren, Ü.
Source: Water Environment Research, Volume 74, Number 6, November/December 2002 , pp. 521-525(5)
Publisher: Water Environment Federation
Abstract:The feasibility of the removal of dye stuffs from textile effluents by electroadsorption has been investigated. An activated carbon–perlite mixture with a ratio of 8:1 for bipolarity has been used as the adsorbent. Conventional adsorption experiments have also been conducted for comparison. A bipolar trickle reactor has been used in the electroadsorption experiments. The model wastewater has been prepared by using acilan blau dye. Initial dye concentration, bed height between the electrodes, applied potential, flowrate, and the supporting electrolyte concentration have been examined as the parameters affecting the removal efficiency. A local textile plant effluent has been treated in the optimum values of these parameters obtained from the experimental studies. Adsorption kinetics and the amount of adsorbent required to reach the maximum removal efficiency have also been investigated and mass-transfer coefficients have been calculated for adsorption and electroadsorption. The results showed that a removal efficiency of up to 100% can be achieved with energy consumption values of 1.58 kWh/m3 of wastewater treated. However, energy consumption decreases to 0.09 kWh/m3 if an exit dye concentration of 4.65 mg/L is accepted. It can be concluded from this work that this method combines all of the advantages of the activated-carbon adsorption and electrolytic methods for the removal of dyes from wastewater.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-11-01
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