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Removal of Nitroaromatics from Synthetic Wastewater Using Two-Step Zero-Valent Iron Reduction and Peroxidase-Catalyzed Oxidative Polymerization

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Degradation of nitroaromatics, which are significant environmental pollutants, is difficult to achieve. Zero-valent iron reduction of nitroaromatics coupled with peroxidase-catalyzed capture of the resulting anilines as a two-step strategy for removing nitroaromatics from wastewater and process water is investigated here. The concentration range of nitroaromatics studied was that which would be present in industrial wastewater streams. Studies were done in continuous-flow columns. The enzymatic treatment following zero-valent iron reduction was carried out in a plug-flow reactor using a crude preparation of the enzyme soybean peroxidase extracted from soybean hulls. The complete reaction time for the two steps was 5 to 5.5 hours. Operating parameters including pH, peroxide/substrate ratio, enzyme concentration, and alum concentration were optimized. Optimum conditions obtained were approximately neutral pH with a hydrogen peroxide/substrate molar ratio of 1.5 for all of the nitroaromatics tested. Alum concentrations between 50 and 100 mg/L were useful in removing the apparent color from the treated water.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 2002

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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