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Oxygen Fluxes and Ammonia Removal Efficiencies in Constructed Treatment Wetlands

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Ammonia-removal efficiency in constructed wetlands is often limited by the amount of oxygen available in the system. In this study, the oxygen-transfer rates to laboratory-scale, subsurface-flow and free-water-surface constructed wetlands were quantified for two input concentrations of ammonia, 10 and 50 mg nitrogen/L, both with and without Typha latifolia. Rates of oxygen diffusion into the subsurface-flow constructed wetlands were 6.01 to 7.92 g/m2·d and were strongly correlated with ammonia concentration in the water. In contrast, low oxygen diffusion rates of 1.36 to 1.76 g/m2·d were observed for the free-water-surface system. The presence of Typha latifolia had small but consistent effects on atmospheric oxygen-diffusion rates and ammonia-removal efficiencies in both the subsurface-flow and free-water-surface systems. The observed small effects were consistent with measurements of oxygen inputs from T. latifolia roots. Only approximately 0.023 g/m2·d of oxygen was released from roots of T. latifolia, as measured using the titanium (III) citrate buffer method. The results for the ammonia-removal rates of the laboratory-scale constructed wetlands were further verified using pilot-scale constructed wetlands under greenhouse conditions.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2001-11-01

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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