Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Treatment of Starch Wastewater Containing Cyanide
Abstract:Treatment of tapioca starch wastewater containing cyanide using an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) process was investigated. Sludge from an anaerobic lagoon treating tapioca starch wastewater was used as seed. Performance of the UASB reactor with influent cyanide concentrations up to 25 mg/L was assessed. The inhibitory effects of cyanide were temporary and reversible. The process required longer recovery period for higher cyanide dosage. For 25 mg/L of cyanide concentration in the feed, the reactor required 15 days for complete recovery. Process performance was sensitive to operating parameters such as upflow velocity, cyanide loading rate, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) loading rate. A maximum cyanide loading rate of 0.38 kg/m3·d was achieved in the process at a COD loading rate of 50 kg COD/m3·d. Experiments with tapioca starch wastewater containing up to 10 mg/L of cyanide yielded satisfactory cyanide removal of approximately 93 to 98% and gas productivity of 7.5 m3/m3·d with a COD loading rate of 30 to 40 kg COD/m3·d.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2001
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