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Increasing Flexibility in the Design of Wastewater Treatment Processes

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An increasing focus on the design of biological nutrient removal processes and the development of new and varied designs (propelled by increasing needs for higher efficiencies and lower costs) has introduced the need for improved methods of design for wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) processes. These design methods may include studies of process operability (i.e., flexibility, controllability, and resilience). This paper focuses on flexibility and the tools available to facilitate the study of flexibility. A simple example is used to demonstrate a method of flexibility analysis and a more complex example is used to illustrate the significance of the results to WWTP process design. The most significant result is that the flexibility of a process can sometimes be significantly increased with negligible increases in capital costs.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2001-07-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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