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Changes in Dewatering Properties Between the Thermophilic and Mesophilic Stages in Temperature-Phased Anaerobic Digestion Systems

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Abstract:

Temperature-phased anaerobic digestion (TPAD) has become increasingly appealing in recent years because of the pathogen destruction capabilities of the system. However, there has also been concern about the dewatering properties of the solids created by these systems. A laboratory study was conducted at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, to determine the effect of thermophilic solids retention time (SRT) on dewatering properties of wastewater solids to characterize system parameters associated with dewatering and to understand the mechanisms causing changes in dewatering properties between the thermophilic and mesophilic phases. The study showed that, while anaerobic digestion caused dewatering properties to deteriorate, the solids varied little with thermophilic SRT. Acidogenesis was essentially complete after 1.5 days. Subsequent mesophilic digestion resulted in little change to dewatering properties and modest reductions in conditioning doses, but substantial reductions in biopolymer (protein and polysaccharides) occurred. It seems that thermophilic anaerobic digestion creates or releases colloidal materials that cause dewatering to be poor and subsequent mesophilic digestion for 15 days does little to improve the dewatering properties of solids in TPAD systems.

Keywords: ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; BIOPOLYMER; CONDITIONING; DEWATERING; MESOPHILIC; TEMPERATURE-PHASED ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; THERMOPHILIC

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143001X139498

Publication date: 2001-07-01

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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