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Quantification of Nitrifying Bacterial Populations in a Full-Scale Nitrifying Trickling Filter Using Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization

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Abstract:

Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to quantify the ammonia-oxidizing populations within intact biofilm samples collected from a full-scale nitrifying trickling filter (NTF). Ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate concentrations were measured for aqueous samples taken in conjunction with biofilm samples at multiple filter depths. Correlation coefficients for individual sampling events, calculated by simple linear regression of FISH signal area and ammonia removal rates, ranged from 0.558 when using probe NEU23a to 0.982 when using probe Nso190. The improved correlations with Nso190 suggest that genera other than Nitrosomonas are present in this system. Percent biofilm coverage, as determined by 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole counterstaining and dry weight biomass measurements, did not change throughout the NTF. This indicates that biofilm growth is fairly uniform throughout the filter even if nitrifier growth is not.

Keywords: AMMONIA; BIOFILM; FLUORESCENT IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION; NITRIFICATION; OLIGONUCLEOTIDE; TRICKLING FILTER

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143001X139353

Publication date: May 1, 2001

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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