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A study is presented that considers optimization of a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) operational sequence. Optimization is performed with the aid of a laboratory pilot plant and a process model. The model was included in the study to facilitate a search for optimal operating conditions
because performing experiments solely on the pilot plant would be rather extensive, expensive, and time-consuming. The model used in the study is the well-known Activated Sludge Model No. 1 with minor modifications. The optimization addresses a split-feed operating mode with input load partitioned
into two parts and with two successions of aerobic–anoxic phases. In the study, the duration of batch phases and the time of the second input addition are optimized so that the desired effluent nitrogen concentration is achieved and the need for external carbon addition in the anoxic
phase is reduced or eliminated. When an optimal SBR sequence computed by the model was verified on the pilot plant, better performance of the actual process was also achieved, although some phenomena were observed that were not predicted by the model. Results of the study indicate that the
available wastewater treatment plant models, although a simplification of reality, can be usefully applied for process optimization.
Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.