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Class A Biosolids Production by a Low-Cost Conventional Technology

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Abstract:

Encouraged by a finding that the pathogen analyses of numerous samples of the final product of the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago, Illinois (District), met the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (U. S. EPA) Class A criteria, the District optimized and codified the operation of its sludge processing trains (SPTs), submitted a petition to the U. S. EPA Pathogen Equivalency Committee for obtaining certification of its SPTs as equivalent to a process to further reduce pathogens, and conducted a 3 year full-scale study. The objective of the study was to determine whether or not the District's SPTs consistently produced a Class A biosolids final product. The primary conclusion drawn from this optimized and codified operation study was that all batches of the final air-dried product complied with the Class A criteria as specified by U. S. EPA in the Part 503 regulations.

Keywords: BIOSOLIDS; CLASS A SOLIDS; HELMINTHS; INDICATOR BACTERIA; PROCESS TO FURTHER REDUCE PATHOGENS; SALMONELLA SP; VIRUSES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143000X137941

Publication date: 2000-07-01

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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