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Effects of a Waste Stabilization Lagoon Discharge on Bacterial and Phytoplanktonic Communities of a Stream

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Abstract:

To determine the effect of a waste stabilization lagoon discharge on the plankton in a receiving stream, bacterial and phytoplanktonic communities were studied above and below the outflow. The discharge apparently had seasonal and continuous effects on both the structure and function of plankton communities. These effects below the lagoon resulted in a significant increase in the bacterial and phytoplanktonic biomasses and significant changes in the structure of these communities: increases of Euchlorophyceae (Chlorella and Scenedesmus), Euglenophyceae (Trachelomonas), Cyanobacteria biomasses, and the relative biomass of very large bacteria. Metabolic activities of the plankton communities seemed to be significantly influenced; photosynthetic and heterotrophic activities increased, while productivity (photosynthetic assimilation and chlorophyll a) decreased. This decrease shows that allochthonous phytoplankton photosynthetic efficiency is lower than that of the autochthonous community or that this efficiency is reduced in the receiving stream. Discharge favored the development of mixotrophic microorganisms to the detriment of photosynthetic microorganisms.

Keywords: AUTOTROPHY; BACTERIA; HETEROTROPHY; PHYTOPLANKTON; STABILIZATION LAGOON OUTFLOW; STREAM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143000X137509

Publication date: May 1, 2000

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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