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Effects of Oxygen Supply Methods on the Performance of a Sequencing Batch Reactor for High Ammonium Nitrification

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Abstract:

High ammonium nitrification was studied in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with two different oxygen supply methods: controlled oxygen supply rates (dissolved oxygen [DO] in the reactor controlled between 2 and 3 mg/L) and uncontrolled oxygen supply rates (DO in the reactor uncontrolled and changed ambiently with oxygen use rate). Experimental results showed that oxygen supply methods have significant effects on SBR performance for high ammonium nitrification. With the controlled oxygen supply method, ammonium and nitrite oxidations took place simultaneously. With the uncontrolled oxygen supply method, ammonium oxidation proceeded smoothly during the low DO period of a cycle; however, nitrite oxidation was at first completely inhibited at low-DO but recovered during the high DO period of the same cycle. Ammonium and nitrite were oxidized sequentially during a cycle in SBR. Ammonium oxidizers developed an ability to endure the fluctuation of DO, but nitrite oxidizers did not. Extensive starvation under high DO concentrations plays an important role in ammonium oxidation under low DO conditions.

Keywords: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; NITRIFICATION; SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143000X137284

Publication date: March 1, 2000

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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