Skip to main content

Use of Halophilic Bacteria in Biological Treatment of Saline Wastewater by Fed-Batch Operation

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Biological treatment of saline wastewater by standard activated-sludge cultures typically results in low chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies as a result of plasmolysis of cells caused by high salt content (> 1%). Removal of salt from wastewater before biological treatment by reverse osmosis or ion exchange would be quite costly. However, inclusion of salt-tolerant organisms in an activated-sludge culture to improve treatment efficiency is a practical approach developed and presented in this article.

Synthetic wastewater composed of diluted molasses, urea, phosphate, and different amounts of salt (0 to 5% sodium chloride) was treated in an aeration tank operated in fed-batch mode. Halobacter halobium added to activated-sludge culture was used in biological treatment, and results were compared with those obtained with the activated-sludge culture alone. Halobacter addition produced significantly greater COD removal rates and efficiencies (% removal) at salt concentrations greater than 2% salt. At low salt concentrations, performances of both cultures were comparable. Results indicated that saline wastewater containing more than 2% salt can be treated effectively by Halobacter-supplemented, activated-sludge cultures, with COD removal efficiencies greater than 85% within 9 hours of fed-batch operation.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more