Skip to main content

New Hypothesis for Secondary Clarifier Performance Under Hydraulically Limited Conditions

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

A new criterion called the effluent upflow velocity (EUV) is proposed as an important parameter affecting secondary clarifier performance under hydraulically limited conditions. Defined as the upflow velocity in the effluent withdrawal zone of a secondary clarifier, the EUV is proposed as having a direct link to clarifier performance in the presence of a wide range of particle size distributions in the effluent withdrawal zone. It is hypothesized that a wide range of particle size distributions in the effluent withdrawal zone of a clarifier could result from one of two factors: poor mixed liquor flocculation characteristics or strong density currents capable of resuspending previously settled floc. Consequently, in the presence of either of these factors, the EUV would likely show the best correlation with clarifier effluent suspended solids, more so than traditional hydraulic criteria such as the surface overflow rate or weir loading rate. Results from clarifier modifications completed at the County Sanitation Districts of Orange County's Wastewater Treatment Plant No. 2 in Huntington Beach, California, are presented in support of this hypothesis.

Keywords: DENSITY CURRENTS; EFFLUENT SUSPENDED SOLIDS; EFFLUENT UPFLOW VELOCITY; HYDRAULIC LIMITATIONS; SECONDARY CLARIFIER; SURFACE OVERFLOW RATE; WEIR LOADING RATE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143000X137185

Publication date: January 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more