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Oxime Inhibition of Nitrification During Treatment of an Ammonia-Containing Industrial Wastewater

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Studies were conducted to investigate the nitrification potential of an industrial wastewater that contained high amounts of ammonium sulfate. Laboratory-scale, activated-sludge reactors were unable to nitrify the wastewater, but the same sludge began to nitrify within 2 weeks after the feed was changed to a synthetic wastewater. Further investigation indicated that oxime compounds in the industry's wastewater were causing nitrification inhibition. Four oximes known to exist in the industrial wastewater were studied: cyclohexanone oxime was not inhibitory up to 100 mg/L, acetaldehyde oxime and aldecarb oxime were moderately inhibitory, and methylethyl ketoxime (MEKO) was strongly inhibitory to nitrification. The mechanism of MEKO inhibition was evaluated using three different analytical approaches. Methylethyl ketoxime demonstrated pure noncompetitive inhibition patterns using all methods of data analysis. The inhibition constant Ki indicates the concentration that causes 50% inhibition and was estimated to range from 0.3 to 1.9 mg/L at 25 °C for MEKO.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 1999

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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