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Removal of Arsenic(III) and Arsenic(V) Ions from Aqueous Solutions with Lanthanum(III) Salt and Comparison with Aluminum(III), Calcium(II), and Iron(III) Salts

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Abstract:

Interactions of arsenic(III) and arsenic(V) ions with a lanthanum salt were studied with the aim of developing a new precipitation method for removal of arsenic from aqueous solutions. Performance was compared to those of aluminum, polyaluminum chloride (PAC), calcium, and iron(III) salts. Arsenic(III) was removed by iron(III) and lanthanum in a narrow pH range with less than 60% removal. Arsenic(V) was removed more efficiently by aluminum, PAC, iron(III), and lanthanum. Lanthanum was most effective, meeting Japanese effluent and drinking water standards by adding three times as much lanthanum as arsenic(V). The stoichiometry and X-ray diffraction measurement showed that the precipitation reactions are

La3+ + H2AsO4 → LaAsO4 + 2H+ (pH 5) (1)

and

La3+ + HAsO4 2− → LaAsO4 + H+ (pH 9) (2)

The solubility product of lanthanum arsenate, LaAsO4, was calculated to be 1.07 ± 0.03 × 10−21.

Keywords: ALUMINUM; ARSENIC(III); ARSENIC(V); CALCIUM; IRON(III); KINETICS; LANTHANUM; PRECIPITATION; REMOVAL; SOLUBILITY PRODUCT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143098X121833

Publication date: 1999-05-01

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    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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