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Emission of Reduced Malodorous Sulfur Gases from Wastewater Treatment Plants

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Abstract:

The emission of malodorous gaseous compounds from wastewater collection and treatment facilities is a growing maintenance and environmental problem. Numerous gaseous compounds with low odor detection thresholds are emitted from these facilities. Sulfur-bearing gases represent compounds with the lowest odor detection threshold. Using solid adsorbent preconcentration and gas chromatographic methods, the quantity and composition of reduced malodorous sulfur gases emitted from various steps of the treatment process were determined in wastewater treatment plants in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Hydrogen sulfide, which is a malodorous, corrosive, and potentially toxic gas, was the most dominant volatile reduced sulfur (S) compound measured (concentration range: 0.017 to 446.9 μg S/L). Concentrations were not only more than the odor detection threshold of hydrogen sulfide, but above levels that may affect health during long-term exposure. The concentrations of methanethiol (0.008 to 8.7 μg S/L), dimethyl sulfide (0.003 8 to 26.4 μg S/L), carbon disulfide (0.006 to 3.70 μg S/L), and carbonyl sulfide (0.005 to 7.30 μg S/L) were significantly less than hydrogen sulfide. However, even though emissions of reduced sulfur gases other than hydrogen sulfide were low, previous studies suggested that long-term exposure to such levels may cause respiratory problems and other symptoms.

Keywords: CARBON DISULFIDE; CARBONYL SULFIDE; DIMETHYL SULFIDE; EMISSIONS; HEALTH EFFECTS; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; METHANETHIOL; ODORS; SULFUR GASES; WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143098X121842

Publication date: 1999-03-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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