Skip to main content

Removal of Fluoride from Spent Pot Liner Leachate Using Ion Exchange

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Spent pot liner (SPL), a hazardous solid waste produced at cell houses of aluminum smelters, is a potential source of fluoride pollution. Leachates collected from SPL disposal sites were found to contain fluoride at considerable concentration levels (up to 575 mg/L). This paper reports a study of selective fluoride removal following laboratory-prepared, ion-exchange treatment. Spent pot liner leachates were pretreated with lime to bring the fluoride level down to approximately 10 mg/L for economic and effective working of the ion exchanger. The detailed ion-exchange treatment study for removal of fluoride was carried out on synthetic SPL leachates and the optimum treatment thus developed was applied on natural SPL leachates.

Bench-scale studies were carried out at various flow rates and pHs and in the presence of other ions commonly available in the SPL leachates. The prepared exchanger reduced the level of fluoride from approximately 10 mg/L to less than 1 mg/L. Results indicate that the extraction was 100% up to 6-mL/min flow rate through the ion exchanger and it works efficiently in the pH range of 7 to 10. There is no effect of the other ions present in leachates on removal of fluoride. The exchanger has good capacity to exchange and can be recharged by eluting fluoride sorbed on the exchanger using two molar hydrochloric acid.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 1999-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more