Skip to main content

Nitrogen removal in a partial nitrification/complete denitrification process

Buy Article:

$22.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Using computer modeling and experimentation with a bench-scale prototype, a novel process for partial nitrification/complete denitrification (PN/CD) to achieve nitrogen removal equivalent to that obtained with the Ludzack-Ettinger (LE) process is demonstrated. Based on simulation results, the PN/CD process reduces aeration energy costs by up to 16% and energy requirements for recirculation and recycle pumping by up to 28% compared to the LE process. Furthermore, the total reactor volume of the PN/CD process is 26 to 44% less than that required by the LE process for equivalent nitrogen removal. The bench-scale PN/CD process was operated to confirm the feasibility of the proposed approach. The wastewater feed to this system was settled domestic wastewater supplemented with ammonia and acetate. The experimental PN/CD process met a 12-mg/L discharge limit on total nitrogen. Relative concentrations of ammonia and nitrate in the effluent were successfully controlled by varying the rate of mixed liquor recirculation. Process performance was not sensitive to dissolved oxygen concentrations of 1 to 3 mg/L in the aerated reactors.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1998-05-01

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more