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An evaluation of geotextiles for temporary sediment control

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The performance of geotextiles for sediment control was evaluated in the field and laboratory. Runoff samples collected in the field indicated that essentially no sediment removal was attributable to filtration by the fabric. Silt fences also had little influence on the turbidity of the discharged runoff. Total suspended solids removals of 68 to 90% were found in flume tests in which silt fences were installed. The removal efficiency was correlated with the average detention time of the impounded runoff behind the fence. Flow rates through the fences under field conditions were two orders of magnitude less than would be calculated using standard ASTM index characteristics of the fabrics. This discrepancy resulted from clogging of the fabric with sediment and from the turbulent flow through the fabric openings at the hydraulic heads on the fabrics when used as silt fences.
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Keywords: CONSTRUCTION RUNOFF; FILTER FABRIC; GEOTEXTILE; NONPOINT POLLUTION; SEDIMENT CONTROL; SILT FENCE; STORMWATER RUNOFF

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1998-05-01

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    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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