An evaluation of geotextiles for temporary sediment control
Abstract:The performance of geotextiles for sediment control was evaluated in the field and laboratory. Runoff samples collected in the field indicated that essentially no sediment removal was attributable to filtration by the fabric. Silt fences also had little influence on the turbidity of the discharged runoff. Total suspended solids removals of 68 to 90% were found in flume tests in which silt fences were installed. The removal efficiency was correlated with the average detention time of the impounded runoff behind the fence. Flow rates through the fences under field conditions were two orders of magnitude less than would be calculated using standard ASTM index characteristics of the fabrics. This discrepancy resulted from clogging of the fabric with sediment and from the turbulent flow through the fabric openings at the hydraulic heads on the fabrics when used as silt fences.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 1998
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