A new approach for estimating volatile organic compound emissions from sewers: methodology and associated errors
Previous studies have indicated the potential for emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from industrial and municipal sewers. However, existing estimation methods can significantly overestimate emissions of VOCs over a wide range of sewer operating conditions. This paper reviews three methods for estimating emissions from sewer reaches: equilibrium, open trench, and cocurrent ventilation. A new methodology is presented that combines both equilibrium and open-trench approaches. The maximum error associated with this combined model is shown mathematically to be 58% and independent of flow and reach characteristics.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1998-05-01
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Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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