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Effect of simultaneous biodegradation of multiple substrates on the extant biodegradation kinetics of individual substrates

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Abstract:

A respirometric technique was developed to quantify the extant kinetics for biodegradation of an organic compound by biomass that is simultaneously degrading a complex mixture of substrates. The technique uses a fed-batch feed to supply the mixture of substrates at a rate consistent with the organic loading on the completely mixed activated sludge (CMAS) bioreactor from which the biomass was obtained. The results were compared to results from a batch test wherein the target compound served as the sole carbon and energy source. Results from the fed-batch technique showed that simultaneous biodegradation of multiple substrates caused an increased ability for the removal of the target compound, phenol, although the increase was relatively small. A 7 to 12% increase in the maximum specific growth rate was observed for biomass receiving a fed-batch feed at a rate of one to three times the specific mass flow rate to the CMAS system. An increase in the fed-batch feed rate to six times the CMAS rate caused a decrease from the maximum enhancement, which was observed at the threefold rate, indicating that there was an upper limit on the stimulatory effect. Less extensive studies with acrylamide, 4-chlorophenol, ethylene glycol, and m-toluate gave similar results. Because the effects of simultaneous substrate biodegradation were small, single-substrate extant kinetic tests should be adequate for describing the capabilities of a biomass for degrading a particular substrate in a multisubstrate environment.

Keywords: ACTIVATED SLUDGE; BIODEGRADATION; FED-BATCH; INHIBITION; KINETICS; MULTIPLE SUBSTRATES; PHENOL; RESPIROMETRY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143098X126865

Publication date: 1998-01-01

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    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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