Evaluating the conversion of an automotive paint spray-booth scrubber to an activated-sludge system for removing paint volatile organic compounds from air

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Abstract:

Volatile organic compound emissions from painting operations are of primary concern in the automotive industry and require costly control measures using vapor-phase activated-carbon adsorption. At Ford Research Laboratory, Dearborn, Michigan, a process modification has been proposed as a supplemental or an alternative control measure to convert an existing paint-sludge pit, part of a spray-booth scrubber system, to an activated-sludge reactor. Under this scheme, water-soluble paint solvents, captured by the scrubber water from the booth air in the spray booth, are to be biologically degraded in the sludge pit. For this paper, the technical feasibility of the conversion was evaluated by conducting a laboratory experiment using a bench-scale activated-sludge reactor fed with nine selected paint solvents; analyzing the experimental data with Monod kinetics for substrate utilization and a first-order kinetics for endogenous respiration; and estimating the performance of the paint-sludge pit as a bioreactor at a typical assembly plant.

Results showed that a paint-sludge pit is sufficiently large to biologically destroy all captured paint solvents at a typical paint-spraying rate if the pit is converted to a bioreactor; most of the oxygen-supply requirement for degrading paint solvents, which is a significant operating cost item for activated sludge, could be provided by the existing spray-booth air circulation at no extra cost; the rate of biomass production was estimated to be comparable to the rate of accumulation of overspray paint polymers; and the data agreed well with the Monod and first-order respiration kinetics.

Keywords: AEROBIC TREATMENT; AUTOMOTIVE; PAINTS; SCRUBBERS; SLUDGE; SOLVENTS; VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143097X125966

Publication date: November 1, 1997

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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