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Laboratory studies on the temperature-phased anaerobic digestion of domestic primary sludge

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Abstract:

The temperature-phased anaerobic process involves a two-stage reactor system with the first stage operated at a thermophilic temperature (typically 55°C) and the second stage operated at a mesophilic temperature (typically 35°C). The purpose of this laboratory study was to compare the performance of the temperature-phased system with the conventional single-stage mesophilic system for treating domestic wastewater sludge. Of particular interest in the research was a comparison of the two systems from the standpoint of coliform reduction, volatile solids destruction, and biogas production.

The temperature-phased system achieved almost complete destruction of total and fecal coliforms over a range of solids retention times (SRTs) from 10 to 15 days. The concentration of fecal coliforms in the effluent from the temperature-phased system never exceeded 1 000 MPN/g total solids, which can meet the U.S. federal fecal coliform requirements for Class A biosolids. At SRTs ranging from 10 to 15 days, the temperature-phased system achieved an 18% higher destruction of volatile solids and 16% more methane production than was possible with the single-stage mesophilic process.

Keywords: ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; COLIFORM REDUCTION; METHANE PRODUCTION; PART 503 REGULATIONS; TEMPERATURE-PHASED ANAEROBIC PROCESS; VOLATILE SOLIDS DESTRUCTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143097X125885

Publication date: September 1, 1997

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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