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Adsorption–desorption of trichlorophenol in water–soil systems

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Adsorption-desorption of trichlorophenol (TCP) on calcium montmorillonite (pure clay), prepared montmorillonite-humic complexes, and natural soils were investigated. Adsorption followed a Freundlich-type isotherm between 5 and 30 mg/L of TCP, and linear adsorption isotherms were obtained for equilibrium concentrations up to 7 mg/L. Linear correlations were obtained between sorption constants (K p) and organic carbon (f oc) and clay-mineral content (f m). In the montmorillonite and montmorillonite-humic complex systems, adsorption and desorption isotherms coincided and no hysteresis was observed. Strong hysteresis was observed in adsorption-desorption in natural soils. The different behavior in adsorption-desorption was explained by the different nature of organic matter, its different structure, and interaction with the mineral fraction. Because trichlorophenol is a weak acid, adsorption highly depended on pH and could be predicted by combining the adsorption constant of undissociated TCP and the dissociation constant of phenol-phenolate.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1997-07-01

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    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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