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Waste activated sludge production of the enhanced biological phosphorus removal process

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Abstract:

The effect of the enhanced biological phosphorus removal process (EBPR) on waste activated sludge (WAS) production and the type of phosphorus storage were investigated in two continuous-flow activated-sludge systems in a semitechnical scale. One of the plants was operated with the A/O® process, whereas the other plant was operated in a conventional, fully aerobic mode and served as a control. By monitoring the elementary composition of the activated-sludge solids in plant II and by using phosphorus fractionations, it was found that nearly all of the enhanced phosphorus removal was due to storage as polyphosphate (poly-P). The additional uptake of phosphorus resulted in an increase of the inorganic sludge mass, which was determined to be 3.05 g suspended solids (SS)/g P using the results of the measurements of the nonvolatile solid fraction. This value was confirmed experimentally by the measurement of the difference between the WAS production of plant I and plant II. Based on the specific WAS production, an additional dry solids production of 3.14 g SS/g P was calculated. No indications for a significant difference of the organic sludge production between both plants were found, although the organic WAS production was slightly higher in experimental periods with a relatively high phosphorus content of the activated-sludge solids of plant II.

Keywords: BIOLOGICAL REMOVAL; PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL; POLYPHOSPHATE; SLUDGE PRODUCTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143097X125588

Publication date: 1997-05-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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