Waste activated sludge production of the enhanced biological phosphorus removal process
Abstract:The effect of the enhanced biological phosphorus removal process (EBPR) on waste activated sludge (WAS) production and the type of phosphorus storage were investigated in two continuous-flow activated-sludge systems in a semitechnical scale. One of the plants was operated with the A/O® process, whereas the other plant was operated in a conventional, fully aerobic mode and served as a control. By monitoring the elementary composition of the activated-sludge solids in plant II and by using phosphorus fractionations, it was found that nearly all of the enhanced phosphorus removal was due to storage as polyphosphate (poly-P). The additional uptake of phosphorus resulted in an increase of the inorganic sludge mass, which was determined to be 3.05 g suspended solids (SS)/g P using the results of the measurements of the nonvolatile solid fraction. This value was confirmed experimentally by the measurement of the difference between the WAS production of plant I and plant II. Based on the specific WAS production, an additional dry solids production of 3.14 g SS/g P was calculated. No indications for a significant difference of the organic sludge production between both plants were found, although the organic WAS production was slightly higher in experimental periods with a relatively high phosphorus content of the activated-sludge solids of plant II.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1997-05-01
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Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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