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Oxygen uptake and VOC emissions at enclosed sewer drop structures

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Municipal wastewater is currently receiving regulatory scrutiny as an emissions source for volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In response, the fate of VOCs at drop structures has been studied. The study described herein involved two major components. First, 64 pilot experiments were conducted to study the effects of drop height, liquid flow rate, and tail water depth on oxygen transfer. Second, 15 additional experiments were completed to determine the effects of the same parameters on the stripping of a cocktail comprising 10 volatile tracers. Headspace ventilation rates, chemical properties, and the differences between clean water and raw wastewater on VOC stripping were studied. Results suggest that oxygen is a useful surrogate for VOC measurements as both oxygen and VOC mass transfer were observed to be highly dependent on drop height and less on liquid flow rate. Stripping efficiencies for VOCs were observed to vary between 0.5 and 32% depending upon specific compounds and experimental conditions. VOC stripping was also observed to be greater from clean water as compared to wastewater. Gas-liquid mass transfer of VOCs was seen to be a strong function of Henry's law coefficient, suggesting the Occurrence of gas-phase mass transfer resistance.
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Keywords: EMISSIONS; MASS TRANSFER; OXYGEN; VOCS; WASTEWATER

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1997-05-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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