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Epidemiological aspects of thermophilic Campylobacter in water-related environments: A review

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Campylobacteriosis is one of the most frequently occurring acute gastroenteritis diseases in humans. Studies have revealed that the main risk factors in contracting campylobacteriosis are eating undercooked poultry meat, drinking raw milk, or drinking untreated water, and to a lesser degree, living in a household with a cat or dog. During the past 5 years many transmission routes of Campylobacter have been elucidated. However, knowledge on the significance of surface waters in causing Campylobacter infections remains scarce. Various reports have shown that the aquatic environment is regularly contaminated with Campylobacter. Risk analysis indicates that the contribution of contaminated recreational water to human infections may be higher than previously assumed. The contribution of viable but nonculturable Campylobacter cells in the contamination cycle has been found to be negligible.
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Keywords: AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT; CAMPYLOBACTER; CELL CULTURABILITY; INCIDENCE; RISK ANALYSIS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1997-01-01

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    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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