An exergy analysis for a wastewater treatment plant—an estimation of the consumption of physical resources
Abstract:The objective of this article is to exemplify how an exergy analysis could be used to estimate the consumption of physical resources at a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The exergy analysis has been performed for Luleå WWTP in Northern Sweden. About 60 000 population equivalents are connected to the WWTP, which has mechanical and chemical treatment. Flows included in the analysis are the wastewater heat, precipitants and other chemicals, organic matter and nutrients in the wastewater and biosolids, and electricity used for operation and maintenance. One conclusion is that the value of the heat is overestimated in a conventional energy analysis. Also, the organic matter probably represents the largest technical exergy flow. It is not clear how the exergy value of nutrients should be estimated.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 1997
More about this publication?
- Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- WEF Bookstore
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites