Environmental factors and modeling in microbial chromium (VI) reduction

Authors: Chen, Jin M.; Hao, Oliver J.

Source: Water Environment Research, Volume 68, Number 7, November/December 1996 , pp. 1156-1164(9)

Publisher: Water Environment Federation

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Abstract:

A Cr(VI)-reducing culture was enriched from an anaerobic chemostat fed with synthetic media containing acetate and Cr(VI). The enriched culture was used for a series of batch tests to investigate several environmental factors affecting microbial Cr(VI) reduction. Under carbon-limiting conditions, the extent of Cr(VI) reduction proportionally depended on the carbon concentration and no reduction of Cr(VI) was observed in the absence of acetate. Cr(VI) reduction was also dependent upon the initial biomass level and the type of organic compounds. The developed model predicted Cr(VI) reduction well at different Cr(VI) concentrations.

Sulfate at 120 mg SO4 2−/L or nitrate at 150 mg N/L slightly inhibited Cr(VI) reduction. Reduction of nitrate but not sulfate was observed along with Cr(VI) reduction. Cr(VI) was not reduced by the aerobically growing culture, and it was found that oxygen inhibitory effects on Cr(VI) reduction were reversible. The optimum pH and temperature for Cr(VI) reduction were found to be 7.3 and 32°C, respectively. In addition, Cr(VI) reduction was sensitive to the metal ions that may coexist with Cr(VI) in industrial wastes containing Cr(VI).

Keywords: CHROMIUM; MICROBIAL; MODEL; REDUCTION; TOXICITY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143096X128586

Publication date: November 1, 1996

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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