Wastewater generated by a chemical manufacturing facility required a significant reduction in the bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, di-n-octyl phthalate, and di-n-butyl phthalate ester concentration before discharge to a publicly owned treatment works (POTW). These three phthalate
esters along with other esters and alcohols make up a dispersed phase in the wastewater that has lower density than water. Centrifugation was evaluated as a pretreatment process for the removal of the phthalate esters to within the effluent limits set by the POTW. The wastewater was treated
by a fun-scale commercial centrifuge at different operating conditions (effluent back pressure and flow rate) to determine the optimum conditions for phthalate ester removal. The results of this study suggest that the degree of phthalate esters removal is independent of wastewater flow rate
and centrifuge effluent back pressure but depends solely on the stability of the phthalate ester emulsion that appears to be directly related to the concentration of emulsifying agent (sodium monoester salts) in the wastewater. Centrifugation provided better phthalate ester separation from
the wastewater than gravity separation alone; however, the periodic occurrence of heavily emulsified phthalate esters in the wastewater necessitates the use of an equalization tank downstream of the centrifuge to consistently meet the effluent limit of 5.0 mg/L of the three phthalate esters. In
addition to the wastewater effluent, the centrifuge produces a light-phase effluent and a sludge effluent. The light-phase effluent contains esters, alcohol, and water and can be recycled back to the ester facility for reprocessing into salable product. The sludge effluent contains a dilute
concentration of solids with a significant amount of adsorbed phthalate esters. The phthalate esters can be separated from the solids into an oily layer under acidic conditions. The oily layer can then be removed by reprocessing the acidified solids stream in the centrifuge, thereby enabling
the disposal of the solids with the treated wastewater. This integrated waste management process would eliminate the need for additional solids processing equipment.
Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.